- Department of Forest Soils, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Zewdie, Solomon; Olsson, Mats; Verwijst, Theo
Eucalyptus plantations are extensively managed for wood production in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Nevertheless, little is known about their biomass (dry matter) production, partitioning and dynamics over time. Data from 10 different Eucalyptus globulus stands, with a plantation age ranging from 11 to 60 years and with a coppice-shoot age ranging from 1 to 9 years were collected and analyzed. Above-ground tree biomass of 7-10 sampled trees per stand was determined destructively. Dry weights of tree components (W(c); leaves, twigs, branches, stembark, and stemwood) and total above-ground biomass (W(a)) were estimated as a function of diameter above stump (D), tree height (H) and a combination of these. The best fits were obtained, using combinations of D and H. When only one explanatory variable was used, D performed better than H. Total above-ground biomass was linearly related to coppice-shoot age. In contrast a negative relation was observed between the above-ground biomass production and total plantation age (number of cutting cycles). Total above-ground biomass increased from 11 tha(-1) at a stand age of 1 year to 153 tha(-1) at 9 years. The highest dry weight was allocated to stemwood and decreased in the following order: stemwood > leaves > stembark > twigs > branches. The equations developed in this study to estimate biomass components can be applied to other Eucalyptus plantations under the assumption that the populations being studied are similar with regard to density and tree size to those for which the relationships were developed. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Allometric relations; Biomass; Coppice rotation; Coppice-shoot age; Diameter above stump; Eucalyptus globulus; Plantation age
Biomass and Bioenergy
2009, Volume: 33, number: 3, pages: 421-428
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Renewable Bioenergy Research