Skip to main content
Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2013

A review of the European species of the genus Monochamus Dejean, 1821 (Coleptera: Cerambycidae, Lamiinae, Monochamini) with a description of the genitalia characters

Wallin, Henrik; Schroeder, Martin; Kvamme, Torstein


The male and female genitalia characters of the European species of Monochamus Dejean, 1821, are described and compared in detail for the first time. The sclerites inside the median phallomer (internal sac) of M. sutor (Linnaeus, 1758) and M. galloprovincialis (Olivier, 1795) differ from those of all other examined species, and appear to be the best characters to separate M. sutor from M. galloprovincialis. There are no differences between the male or female genitalia characters of M. sartor (Fabricius, 1787) and M. urussovi (Fischer von Waldheim, 1805). Thus, M. urussovi is regarded as a subspecies of M. sartor: M. sartor urussovi nov. stat. The present results also support that the previously considered subspecies M. galloprovincialis pistor (Germar, 1818) is a true junior synonym of M. galloprovincialis galloprovincialis. No sclerites occur inside the internal sac of M. saltuarius (Gebler, 1830). The internal sac of M. sartor sartor (Fabricius, 1787), M. sartor urussovi and M. impluviatus impluviatus (Motschulsky, 1859) are distinctly different from the other European species of Monochamus: there is an elongated tube (terminal segment) inside the internal sac containing two very small and weakly sclerotized plates in M. sartor sartor and M. sartor urussovi and a larger sclerite in M. impluviatus impluviatus. A key to the European species and subspecies of Monochamus, incorporating male genitalia characters, is provided.

Published in

Norwegian Journal of Entomology
2013, volume: 60, pages: 11-38

Authors' information

Wallin, Henrik
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology
Kvamme, Torstein
Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute

UKÄ Subject classification


URI (permanent link to this page)