Skip to main content
Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2013

Evaluation of Multi-level Social Learning for Sustainable Landscapes: Perspective of a Development Initiative in Bergslagen, Sweden

Axelsson, Robert; Angelstam, Per; Myhrman, Lennart; Elbakidze, Marine; Sädbom, Stefan; Ivarsson, Milis; Andersson, Kenneth; Cupa, Petr; Diry, Christian; Doyon, Frederic; Drotz, Marcus K.; Hjorth, Arne; Hermansson, Jan Olof; Kullberg, Thomas; Lickers, F. Henry; McTaggart, Johanna; Olsson, Anders; Pautov, Yurij; Svensson, Lennart; Törnblom, Johan


To implement policies about sustainable landscapesand rural development necessitates social learningabout states and trends of sustainability indicators, normsthat define sustainability, and adaptive multi-level governance.We evaluate the extent to which social learning atmultiple governance levels for sustainable landscapesoccur in 18 local development initiatives in the network ofSustainable Bergslagen in Sweden. We mapped activitiesover time, and interviewed key actors in the network aboutsocial learning. While activities resulted in exchange ofexperiences and some local solutions, a major challengewas to secure systematic social learning and make newknowledge explicit at multiple levels. None of the developmentinitiatives used a systematic approach to securesocial learning, and sustainability assessments were notmade systematically. We discuss how social learning canbe improved, and how a learning network of developmentinitiatives could be realized.


Collaborative learning, Sustainable development, Case study, Knowledge production, Governance

Published in

AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
2013, volume: 42, number: 2, pages: 241-253

Authors' information

Axelsson, Robert
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, School for Forest Management
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, School for Forest Management
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, School for Forest Management
Myhrman, Lennart
Foundation Säfsen Forests
Sädbom, Stefan
Bergskraft Bergslagen
Ivarsson, Milis
Andersson, Kenneth
Swedish Forest Agency
Cupa, Petr
Lower Morava Biosphere Reserve
Diry, Christian
Wienerwald Biosphere Reserve
Doyon, Frederic
Université du Québec en Outaouais (UQO)
Drotz, Marcus K.
The Lake Vänern Museum
Hjorth, Arne
Skinnskatteberg Municipality
Hermansson, Jan Olof
Ludvika Municipality
Kullberg, Thomas
Lekeberg Municipality
Lickers, F. Henry
Akwesasne Mohawk Community
McTaggart, Johanna
Swedish MAB
Olsson, Anders
Pautov, Yurij
Silver Taiga Foundation
Svensson, Lennart
Linköping University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, School for Forest Management

UKÄ Subject classification

Sociology (excluding Social work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Forest Science
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)