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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2013

Left Atrial Ejection Fraction Assessed by Real-Time 3-Dimensional Echocardiography in Normal Dogs and Dogs with Myxomatous Mitral Valve Disease

Tidholm, Anna; Höglund, Katja; Häggström, Jens; Bodegård Westling, Anna; Bersås Ljungvall, Ingrid


Conclusion and clinical importance: The wide variation of LAEF and the fact that LAEF does not appear to be an independent marker of disease severity suggest that the clinical importance of determining LAEF in dogs with MMVD might be limited.


Chronic valvular disease; Left atrial end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes; Real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography

Published in

Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
2013, Volume: 27, number: 4, pages: 884-889