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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2013

Accumulation of wet-deposited radiocaesium and radiostrontium by spring oilseed rape (Brássica napus L.) and spring wheat (Tríticum aestívum L.)

Bengtsson, Stefan; Eriksson, Jan; Gärdenäs, Annemieke; Vinichuk, Mykhaylo; Rosén, Klas

Abstract

The accumulation of 134Cs and 85Sr within different parts of spring oilseed rape and spring wheat plants was investigated, with a particular focus on transfer to seeds after artificial wet deposition at different growth stages during a two-year field trial. In general, the accumulation of radionuclides in plant parts increased when deposition was closer to harvest. The seed of spring oilseed rape had lower concentrations of 85Sr than spring wheat grain. The plants accumulated more 134Cs than 85Sr. We conclude that radionuclides can be transferred into human food chain at all growing stages, especially at the later stages. The variation in transfer factors during the investigation, and in comparison to previous results, implies the estimation of the risks for possible transfer of radionuclides to seeds in the events of future fallout during a growing season is still subjected to considerable uncertainty.

Keywords

Concentration; Radionuclide; Transfer factor; Translocation factor

Published in

Environmental Pollution
2013, volume: 182, pages: 335-342
Publisher: Elsevier

Authors' information

Bengtsson, Stefan
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment
Gärdenäs, Annemieke
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment
Vinichuk, Mykhaylo
Rosén, Klas
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment

UKÄ Subject classification

Environmental Sciences
Agricultural Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.07.035

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/51875