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Research article2014Peer reviewedOpen access

Outcome of pyometra in female dogs and predictors of peritonitis and prolonged postoperative hospitalization in surgically treated cases

Jitpean, Supranee; Ström Holst, Bodil; Emanuelson, Ulf; Höglund, Odd; Pettersson, Ann; Hagman, Ragnvi; Alneryd-Bull, Caroline


Conclusions: Several clinically useful indicators were identified. Leucopenia was the most important marker, associated with 18-fold increased risk for peritonitis and an over three-point-five increased risk for prolonged hospitalization. Fever/hypothermia, depression and pale mucous membranes were associated with increased risk for peritonitis and/or prolonged hospitalization. The results of the present study may be valuable for identifying peritonitis and predicting increased morbidity in surgically treated bitches with pyometra.


Bitch; Uterine inflammation; Surgical treatment; Hospitalization; Peritonitis; Risk; Outcome; Dogs

Published in

BMC Veterinary Research
2014, Volume: 10, article number: 6