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Magazine article, 2013

Tarmvridrøn i Tyskland - 1. Lokaliteter, skovtype og vækst.

Graversgaard, H.C.; Skovsgaard, Jens Peter


The distribution of wild service tree in Germany is limited by the North European Plain in the north and mountain ranges and the river Danube in the south (Figure 1). The species occurs mainly on well-drained calcareous soils (rendzina type) and on clayey soils (marl) with or without periodically stagnant water. Climate change scenarios indicate that in the future the climatic requirements of wild service tree can be expected to match essentially all of Germany (Figure 2). Already now, Denmark is located within the potential climatic range of wild service tree. Wild service tree is found mainly in mixed forest of light demanding species, typically oak, hornbeam and field maple, but less frequently beech. The species enjoys much attention in silviculture, but is rarely planted. The height growth of wild service tree is approximately as that of oak, i.e. fast in youth, later stagnant (Box 1 and Figure 3 (numbers indicate site index or height at age 100 years, black = wild service tree, red = oak, green = beech)). In Denmark wild service tree typically achieves a height of 15-17 m in 100 years (based on measurements of old trees in the forests at Ulvshale (Møn) and Døndalen (Bornholm) and in the Arboretum at Charlottenlund (Copenhagen), see Box 2). This is similar to the growth rate on sites of low productivity in Germany.

Published in

2013, volume: 45, number: 9, pages: 392-394

Authors' information

Graversgaard, H.C.
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

URI (permanent link to this page)