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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2005

Mold-inhibitory activity of different yeast species during airtight storage of wheat grain

Druvefors UA, Schnurer J


The yeast Pichia anomala J121 inhibits spoilage by Penicillium roqueforti in laboratory and pilot studies with high-moisture wheat in malfunctioning airtight storage. We tested the biocontrol ability of an additional 57 yeast species in a grain mini silo system. Most yeast species grew to CFU levels comparable to that of P. anomala J121 after 14 days of incubation (> 10(6) CF U g(-1)). Of the 5 8 species, 38 (63 strains) had no mold-inhibitory effects (Pen. roqueforti levels > 10(5) CFU g(-1)). Among these were 11 species (18 strains) that did not grow on the wheat grain. Several of the non-inhibiting yeast species have previously been reported as biocontrol agents in other postharvest environments. Weak inhibitory activity, reducing Pen. roqueforti levels to between 10(4) and 10(5) CFU g(-1), was observed with 11 species (12 strains). Candida silvicola and Pichia guillermondii reduced Pen. roqueforti to <10(4) CFU g(-1). Candida fennica, Candida pelliculosa, Candida silvicultrix, P. anomala (29 strains), Pichia burtonii, Pichia farinosa and Pichia membranifaciens strongly inhibited Pen. roqueforti (< 10(3) CFU g(-1)) in the mini silos, but none had higher biocontrol activity than P. anomala strain J121. This report is the first of biocontrol activity of C fennica and C silvicultrix. The ability of 27 yeast species to grow to high CFU values without inhibiting mold growth suggests that nutrient competition may not be the main mode of action of P. anomala J121. (C) 2004 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

Published in

FEMS Yeast Research
2005, Volume: 5, number: 4-5, pages: 373-378

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      Food Science
      Animal and Dairy Science
      Veterinary Science

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