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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2013

Measurement of kick loads from horses on stable fittings and building elements

Von Wachenfelt, Hans; Nilsson, Christer; Ventorp, Michael

Abstract

Fittings and fixtures in horse stables may cause injuries to horses when trapped and there is a high risk of an accident to animal and handler when releasing a horse. The risk of injuries to horses and handlers must be minimised by correct structural design and appropriate choice of building material. The physical load of unprovoked and provoked horse kicks were measured in order to obtain data for the design of safe horse fittings and fixtures. To record the forces exerted by horse kicks a measuring wall and a computerised measuring system were constructed and used in single horse boxes. For reference, the characteristics of the measuring system were determined by a drop hammer test. Through regression analysis a linear relation was found between the field recorded impact values from horse kicks obtained by the measuring system and drop hammer impact values. The drop hammer method can thus be used to test fittings. Impacts recorded in the field tests were rapid, often shorter than 0.03 s and 90% had a maximum value below 1924 N. The greatest impact force and impulse caused by a horse kick were 8722 N and 131 Ns respectively, with no statistical difference between provoked and unprovoked kicks. Considering the data obtained and allowing a certain safety margin, the impact resistance of horse fixtures and fittings in single horse boxes, to be used for horses of up to 700 kg mass, should be at least equivalent to 150 Ns exerted by a horse shoe at 45°.

Keywords

horse; fittings; structural design; kick; force

Published in

Biosystems Engineering
2013, volume: 116, number: 4, pages: 487-496
Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE

Authors' information

Von Wachenfelt, Hans (Von Wachenfelt, Hans)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Rural Buildings and Animal Husbandry [LBT]
Nilsson, Christer
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Rural Buildings and Animal Husbandry [LBT]
Ventorp, Michael
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Rural Buildings and Animal Husbandry [LBT]

UKÄ Subject classification

Agricultural Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2013.10.013

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/56139