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Research article2012Peer reviewed

The effect of oviductal fluid on protein tyrosine phosphorylation in cryopreserved boar spermatozoa differs with the freezing method

Kumaresan, Arumugam; Johannisson, Anders; Saravia, Fernando; Bergqvist, Ann-Sofi


Sperm capacitation takes place in the oviduct and protein tyrosine phosphorylation of sperm proteins is a crucial step in capacitation and acquisition of fertilizing potential. Cryopreserved spermatozoa show altered expression of protein tyrosine phosphorylation in the oviduct. The present study compared two freezing methods (conventional-conventional freezing (CF) and simplified-simplified freezing (SF) methods) for their effect on the ability of boar spermatozoa to undergo protein tyrosine phosphorylation in response to oviductal fluid (ODF). Cryopreserveel boar-spermatozoa were incubated with pre- and post-ovulatory ODF for 6 h at 38 degrees C under 5% CO(2). Aliquots of sperm samples were taken at hourly intervals and analyzed for kinematics and protein tyrosine phosphorylation. Global protein tyrosine phosphorylation in spermatozoa was measured using flow cytometry and different patterns of phosphorylation were assessed using confocal microscopy. Immediately after thawing, no significant difference was observed in post-thaw sperm motility, velocity and global tyrosine phosphorylation between the two methods of freezing although the freezing method significantly (P < 0.05) influenced the effect of oviductal fluid on these parameters during incubation. While spermatozoa frozen by the CF method showed a significantly higher (P < 0.001) proportion of phosphorylation in response to preovulatory ODF during incubation, spermatozoa frozen by the SF method did not elicit such significant response as there was no significant difference in the proportion of tyrosine phosphorylated spermatozoa between treatments at any given time during incubation. If the CF method was used, the proportion of spermatozoa displaying either tail or full sperm phosphorylation increased in response to both preovulatory (EODF) and postovulatory oviductal fluid. However, if the SF method was used, a significant increase in these patterns was noticed only in the EODF treated group. The present study demonstrates that preovulatory isthmic ODF induce tyrosine phosphorylation in a higher proportion of boar spermatozoa compared to the post-ovulatory fluid and that the method of freezing significantly influences the response of post-thaw spermatozoa to porcine ODF. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Boar spermatozoa; Cryopreservation method; Oviductal fluid; Protein tyrosine phosphorylation; Sperm kinematics

Published in

2012, Volume: 77, number: 3, pages: 588-599