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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2010

The Expansion of Farm-Based Plantation Forestry in Vietnam

Sandewall, Mats; Viet, Le Sy

Abstract

This study targets plantation forestry by farm households (small holders), which is increasing globally and most rapidly in China and Vietnam. By use of an interdisciplinary approach on three study sites in Vietnam, we examined the trends in farmers' tree planting over time, the various pre-requisites for farm-based plantation forestry and its impact on rural people's livelihood strategies, socio-economic status, income and security. The findings indicated a change from subsistence to cash-based household economy, diversification of farmers' incomes and a transformation of the landscape from mainly natural forests, via deforestation and shifting cultivation, to a landscape dominated by farm-based plantations. The trend of transformation, over a period of some 30 years, towards cash crops and forestry was induced by a combination of policy, market, institutional, infrastructural and other conditions and the existence of professional farming communities, and was most rapid close to the industrial market.

Keywords

Smallholder households; Livelihood strategies; Landscape; Land use; Policy; Market

Published in

AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
2010, Volume: 39, number: 8, pages: 567-579
Publisher: SPRINGER

    Sustainable Development Goals

    SDG15 Life on land

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Forest Science

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-010-0089-1

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/59882