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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2005

Modeling infection and spread of Heterobasidion annosum in even-aged Fennoscandian conifer stands

Pukkala T, Moykkynen T, Thor M, Ronnberg J, Stenlid J


Heterobasidion annosum (Fr.) Bref. s. lato causes severe damage to forests. This study describes a model for simulating the infection and spread of Heterobasidion spp. in stands of Picea abies (L.) Karst. and Pinus sylvestris L. The model includes submodels for stand dynamics ( plot simulation, growth and yield, and cross-cutting of trees) and disease dynamics: (i) spore infection, (ii) stump colonization, (iii) colonization of stump roots, (iv) vegetative transfer to tree roots, (v) spread of disease in tree roots, (vi) spread of decay in stems, and (vii) disease effect on tree growth and survival. To illustrate the model, a simulation was carried out on a Swedish Norway spruce stand where logging occurred during the high-risk season for spore infection. The model provides a means of incorporating the impact of root disease into forest planning. A change of parameters indicated that model predictions were sensitive to the spread rate and presence of initial disease centers. Further research is called for in areas related to the development of coarse root systems of various tree species and the probability and rate of transfer of disease from various sources of inoculum to healthy trees

Published in

Canadian Journal of Forest Research
2005, Volume: 35, number: 1, pages: 74-84

    SLU Authors

      • Stenlid, Jan

        • Department of Forest Mycology and Pathology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

      UKÄ Subject classification

      Forest Science

      Publication Identifiers


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