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Research article2005Peer reviewed

Effects of different cultivation temperatures on plasma membrane ATPase activity and lipid composition of sugar beet roots

Lindberg S, Banas A, Stymne S


Sugar beet seedlings (Beta vidgaris L. cv. Monohill) were cultivated for 3 weeks at different root and shoot temperatures and the plasma membranes (PM) from roots were purified by aqueous two-phase partitioning and analyzed for lipid composition and ATPase activities. Lipid analyses, undertaken immediately after PM purification from the roots, showed that a low root zone temperature (10 ° C) decreased the ratio between the major lipids phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). A low temperature in the root environment increased the mol% of PE and decreased the mol% of phosphatidic acid (PA), independent on the shoot growth temperature. A low temperature also decreased the mol% of linoleic acid (18:2) and increased mol% of linolenic acid (18:3) in the analyzed lipid classes, especially ill PC and PE. The ratio between acyl chain lipids and protein generally increased in PM from roots grown at 10 ° C, compared with higher temperature. The changes in lipid composition correlated with changes in ATPase activities, detected as hydrolyses of MgATP. The kinetic parameters, K-m, and V of the PMH(+)ATPase in roots increased at a low cultivation temperature, independent on shoot temperature. Moreover, Arrhenius analyses showed that the transition temperature was independent of both root or shoot growth temperature at 10-24 ° C, whereas the activation energy of the ATPase was dependent oil the growth temperature of the root, and independent on shoot temperature. Thus, acclimation processes can take place in roots, irrespective of the shoot temperature. © 2005 Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved


Arrhenius analysis; H+ATPase; Lipids; Plasma membranes; Sugar beet; Temperature; Unsaturation

Published in

Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
2005, Volume: 43, number: 3, pages: 261-268

      SLU Authors

    • Stymne, Sten

      • Department of Crop Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Agricultural Science
    Food Science

    Publication identifier


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