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Research article2014Peer reviewedOpen access

The sol-gel synthesis of cotton/TiO2 composites and their antibacterial properties

Galkina, Olga; Sycheva, A.; Blagodatskiy, A.; Kaptay, G.; Katanaev, V. L.; Seisenbaeva, Gulaim; Kessler, Vadim; Agafonov, A.V.


Present work is devoted to investigation of structure and functional properties of hybrid nanomaterials based on the TiO2-modified cellulose fibers of cotton. The titania hydrosol was successfully prepared using the titanium tetraisopropoxide as precursor and the nitric acid as peptizing agent via the low-temperature sol-gel synthesis in aqueous medium and applied to cotton fabric. For cross-linking of titania nanoparticles to cotton the 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) was used as a spacer. The morphology and composition of the surface pure and TiO2 modified cotton fibers were investigated by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The cotton/TiO2 composite was characterized by the dielectric permittivity. For the estimation of total titania concentration, all samples were calcined at 650 degrees C The antimicrobial activity of the treated TiO2 cotton fibers was investigated against Escherichia coli as a model Gram-negative bacteria after exposure to UV-irradiation for 10 min. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Titania; Cellulose; Cross-linking agent; Modification; Antibacterial activity; Washing durability

Published in

Surface and Coatings Technology
2014, Volume: 253, pages: 171-179