Skip to main content
SLU publication database (SLUpub)
Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2005

Development of short-rotation willow coppice systems for environmental purposes in Sweden

Mirck, Jaconette; Isebrands, J G; Verwijst, Theo; Ledin, Stig


During the last three decades, driving forces behind the development of short-rotation willow coppice (SRWC) in Sweden have been changing from a primary focus on biomass production towards emphasis on environmental applications. In most cases, current commercial SRWC practice is geared towards a combination of biomass production for energy purposes and environmental goals. The latter goals range from decreasing the impact of specific contaminants in the environment to organic waste handling in a recycling system in urban and/or agricultural areas.Where biomass production and pollutant management overlap, the science of phytoremediation has its practical application. Through phytoremediation, waste products that previously have been a burden for the society can be used as valuable resources to increase short-rotation willow biomass production.In this paper we will present the terminology and definitions of different types of phytoremediation. We also give an overview of five different cases of phytoremediation activities with a potential for large-scale implementation. Some of the types of activities are already commercially used in Sweden: others seem promising but still need further development. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


heavy metals; phytoremediation; Salix; sludge; vegetation filter; wastewater

Published in

Biomass and Bioenergy
2005, Volume: 28, number: 2, pages: 219-228

      SLU Authors

      • Ledin, Stig

        • Department of Soil Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

      UKÄ Subject classification

      Forest Science
      Renewable Bioenergy Research
      Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

      Publication identifier


      Permanent link to this page (URI)