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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2014

Disruption of Phthorimaea operculella ( Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) oviposition by the application of host plant volatiles

Witzgall, Peter; Anfora, Gianfranco; Silvia, Vitagliano; Larsson, Mattias; Tasin, Marco; Germinara, Giacinto; De Cristofaro, Antonio;

Abstract

BACKGROUNDPhthorimaea operculella is a key pest of potato. The authors characterised the P. operculella olfactory system, selected the most bioactive host plant volatiles and evaluated their potential application in pest management. The electrophysiological responses of olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) housed in long sensilla trichodea of P. operculella to plant volatiles and the two main sex pheromone components were evaluated by the single-cell recording (SCR) technique. The four most SCR-active volatiles were tested in a laboratory oviposition bioassay and under storage warehouse conditions.RESULTSThe sensitivity of sensilla trichodea to short-chained aldehydes and alcohols and the existence of ORNs tuned to pheromones in females were characterised. Male recordings revealed at least two types of ORN, each of which typically responded to one of the two pheromone components. Hexanal, octanal, nonanal and 1-octen-3-ol significantly disrupted the egg-laying behaviour in a dose-dependent manner. Octanal reduced the P. operculella infestation rate when used under storage conditions.CONCLUSIONSThis work provides new information on the perception of plant volatiles and sex pheromones by P. operculella. Laboratory and warehouse experiments show that the use of hexanal, octanal, nonanal and 1-octen-3-ol as host recognition disruptants and/or oviposition deterrents for P. operculella control appears to be a promising strategy. (c) 2013 The Authors. Pest Management Science published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry.

Keywords

potato tuberworm; semiochemicals; single-cell recording; behavioural bioassays; egg-laying disruption

Published in

Pest Management Science

2014, volume: 70, number: 4, pages: 628-635
Publisher: WILEY-BLACKWELL

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Protection Biology
Anfora, Gianfranco
Silvia, Vitagliano
Edmund Mach Foundation
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Protection Biology
Tasin, Marco
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Protection Biology
Germinara, Giacinto
University of Molise
De Cristofaro, Antonio

Associated SLU-program

SLU Network Plant Protection

UKÄ Subject classification

Agricultural Science
Zoology
Behavioral Sciences Biology
Ecology

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.3597

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/60884