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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2014

Serum insulin-like growth factor-I, iron, C-reactive protein, and serum amyloid A for prediction of outcome in dogs with pyometra

Jitpean, Supranee; Hoist, Bodil Strom; Hoglund, Odd V.; Pettersson, Ann; Olsson, Ulf; Strage, Emma; Sodersten, Fredrik; Hagman, Ragnvi


Pyometra, accumulation of pus in the uterus, is a bacterial infection that frequently initiates systemic inflammation. The disease may have lethal consequences when the systemic effects are severe or complications occur. Markers for identifying high-risk patients and predicting outcome are therefore in high demand. The objective of this study was to measure serum concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), iron, C-reactive protein (CRP), and serum amyloid A (SAA) in bitches with pyometra and to explore the possible value of these variables for detection of increased morbidity. In total, 31 bitches were diagnosed with pyometra and destined for surgical treatment (ovariohysterectomy) and 17 healthy bitches were included in the study. Concentrations of IGF-I and iron were lower in the pyometra group (mean concentration 221.2 +/- 22.5 ng/mL and 16.9 +/- 1.6 mu mol/L, respectively) compared with the healthy control group (mean concentration 366.7 +/- 46.2 ng/mL and 38.1 +/- 2.7 mu mol/L, respectively). In contrast, concentrations of CRP and SAA were significantly higher in bitches with pyometra (mean concentrations 212.9 +/- 17.3 mg/L and 119.9 +/- 8.5 mg/L, respectively) compared with the control group (<5 mg/L and <10 mg/L, respectively). None of the explored variables were associated with morbidity as measured by duration of postoperative hospitalization. In conclusion, IGF-I and iron concentrations were decreased in pyometra, whereas SAA and CRP concentrations were increased in the disease. Although unspecific, measurement of these variables may be valuable as adjunctive markers for prognosis in cases of pyometra. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


IGF-I; Iron; CRP; SAA; Surgical treatment; Markers

Published in

2014, Volume: 82, number: 1, pages: 43-48