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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2014

Hybrid silica nanoparticles for sequestration and luminescence detection of trivalent rare-earth ions (Dy3+ and Nd3+) in solution

Topel, Seda Demirel; Polido Legaria, Elizabeth; Tiseanu, Carmen; Rocha, João; Nedelec, Jean-Marie; Kessler, Vadim; Seisenbaeva, Gulaim

Abstract

New hybrid material-based adsorbents acting also as luminescent probes upon uptake of trivalent rare-earth (RE) ions Nd3+ and Dy3+ have been developed. SiO2 NPs functionalized by three different organic ligands, N-aminopropylen-amidoiminodiacetic acid (L1), pyridine-alpha,beta-dicarboxylic acid bis(propylenamide) (L2), and N-propylen-iminodiacetic acid (L3), have been produced and fully characterized by C-13, H-1, and Si-29 solid-state NMR, FTIR, TGA, XRD, TEM, nitrogen gas adsorption, and also by NTA and DLS in solution. The synthesized hybrid materials are well dispersible and stable in aqueous solutions according to NTA and consist of spheres with diameters less than 100 nm. Their affinities to the lanthanide ions Dy3+ and Nd3+ have been investigated in aqueous solution and characterized by SEM-EDS and complexometric titration, demonstrating that they can be successfully used as adsorbents for sequestration of trivalent RE ions. The adsorbed RE ions can efficiently be desorbed from saturated nanoadsorbents by addition of hydrochloric acid. The produced nanomaterials may also be used as luminescent probes for Dy3+ and Nd3+ ions in solution.

Keywords

Nanoadsorbents; Surface grafting; Trivalent rare-earth ions (RE); Heavy metal sequestration; Luminescent probe

Published in

Journal of Nanoparticle Research
2014, Volume: 16, number: 12, article number: 2783