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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2015

Early development of pure and mixed tree species plantations in Snogeholm, southern Sweden

Drössler, Lars; Övergaard, Rolf; Ekö, Per-Magnus; Gemmel, Per; Böhlenius, Henrik

Abstract

There is a lack of experimental studies comparing the forest production of mixed tree species stands and monocultures. As a case study, in 1994 an experiment was established in an afforestation landscape in southern Sweden with 66 plots: 18 planted with single tree species (including most native Swedish trees, plus Populus and Larix hybrids) and 48 with various non-replicated mixtures. Fifteen years after planting, stand growth did not differ significantly between the mixtures and the monocultures. However, the monocultures did exhibit a higher variation in growth levels relative to the moderate but comparatively consistent growth levels exhibited by the mixtures; particularly those comprised of more than two species. A specific analysis of mixtures containing either the tree species Picea abies or Quercus robur and their corresponding monocultures demonstrated the importance of the tree species admixed as a determinant of production outcomes early in the rotation. In the case of P. abies, tree species mixtures tended to reduce production, whereas in the case of Q. robur, mixtures tended to increase production. In addition no consistent differences in the mean height and mean diameter growth of P. abies and Q. robur between mixtures and monocultures were detected. A major conclusion is that adding more than two species did not increase stand volume growth.

Keywords

southern Sweden; mixed forest; monoculture; stand volume production; height growth; early development

Published in

Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research
2015, volume: 30, number: 4, pages: 304-316

Authors' information

Drössler, Lars
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Övergaard, Rolf
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Ecology and Management
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG15 Life on land

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02827581.2015.1005127

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/64233