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Report, 2014

Metoder och möjligheter att använda NILS data i tillämpad integrerad landskapsplanering: Renbruksplaner, UAV låghöjdsflygfotografier och dialog Methods and possibilities to apply NILS data for applied integrated landscape planning: Reindeer Husbandry Plans, UAV low altitude aerial photos and dialogue

Hedblom, Marcus; Hedenås, Henrik; Allard, Anna; Svensson, Johan; Jougda, Leif


Summary There is a need for more integrated landscape planning due to rapid changes in landscape use through increased rationalization of land use (e.g. forestry), climate change and lack of planning in the landscape outside the cities. In this project, we have anticipated the reindeer herding Sami people and their interest to follow the prerequisites of land use and habitat changes over time. The project can partially be mentioned as a process consisting of a dialogue between reindeer herders, the Swedish Forest Agency, Vilhelmina Model Forest and the National Monitoring Programme NILS. The European project Baltic Landscape frames the project. The aim of Baltic Landscape is to demonstrate concrete examples of how conflicts related to land use claims can be solved. In this project, we worked specifically with the Model Forest concept that is based on a bottom-up perspective of working with issues related to landscapes and covering e.g. sector driven industry such as forestry, tourism, environmental values and governmental organizations. During the project all parts met and had theoretical sessions, field exercises and subsequent discussions that overall was about how best to monitor different habitats that are of large importance for the forage of reindeers (grazing types). More technical approaches such as Unmanned airplanes (so called UAV:s) were tested. Reindeer movements across the landscape range from the Alpine regions in the west to the coniferous forests on the east coast. The study includes the alpine landscape, mountain birch forest and marshlands in Vilhelmina Model Forest. The purpose: for reindeer herders was to find a method to conduct inventory on grazing types (reindeer habitats) that was rational to work with, i.e., not too time consuming (so that the inventory could be combined with the everyday work) and not too simple (so that it does not work as it is supposed to, as a support for discussion with other land users). for NILS was to initiate a dialogue with users and their needs of environmental monitoring data. More concretely, it was about to find out if there is data that can be of importance for reindeer herders which is not presently collected in the current field monitoring. Moreover to see if reindeer herders have the opportunity to collect data in a way so that it is possible to supplement existing NILS data. Finally to see if was possible to use unmanned aircraft, known as UAVs, to do inventory grazing types and especially hanging lichens (important as food supplement for reindeer). Moreover, interviews with stakeholders (N= 12) and reindeer herders (N= 1) , were made in order to deepen the knowledge of potential needs of NILS monitoring data for landuse and landscape planning by stakeholders in Vilhelmina Model Forest. for Vilhelmina Model Forest and the Swedish Forest Agency was to initiate dialogue between the parties and act as a coordinator and resource for increased dialogue. The results of the project (and process) revealed: that the importance of the possibility to conduct a dialogue. The dialogue led to the emergence of synergies that all parts could use. In this case the common denominator was to establish a specific area in the alpine region for field visits. The purpose was to use the area to promote and initiate dialogues about the landscape and in the longer perspective enable monitoring and increase knowledge about suitable usage of the landscape. NILS called such a surface Flagship areas, Vilhelmina Model forest call those areas Demo areas or geological parks (geopark). that it was possible to develop a rational functioning method of reindeer grazing types (linked to the Reindeer Husbandry Plans) based on field exercises and discussions conducted in this project 2012 -2014. During 2014 NILS personnel educate reindeer herders using the method developed within this project. that the methodology of inventory used by the NILS programme, both in field and by aerial photographs, is partly compatible with the existing reindeer grazing types. And also that NILS can benefit from dialogue with stakeholders and gain knowledge of which classification schemes can be converted into or what can be added to their inventory. that there is a wish to continue further dialogue between the partners. that interviews with stakeholder revealed the need of usefulness and costs for NILS data, that no no single variable was excluded as not interesting at all for any of the stakeholders (87 out of 356 NILS variables were asked for in the interview) and that stakeholders made suggestions of new variables that could complement the current NILS variable list.

Published in

Baltic landscape : reports
2014, number: 27

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Resource Management
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Resource Management
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Resource Management
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Jougda, Leif
Swedish Forest Agency

UKÄ Subject classification

Other Biological Topics
Forest Science

URI (permanent link to this page)