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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2005

Phosphorus losses from arable fields in Sweden - Effects of field-specific factors and long-term trends

Djodjic F, Bergstrom L


Accelerated eutrophication of surface water is often caused by high phosphorus (P) losses from agricultural fields. Long-term measurements of P concentrations from arable fields are therefore important for understanding of processes and key factors behind losses. Unfortunately, long-time series are difficult to compare due to high variablity, non-normal distribution, precipitation variability and flow relatedness. The objective was to use locally weighted scatterplot smoothing (LOWESS) and Seasonal Kendall Test to account for discharge effects on concentrations of P forms and suspended soil material, and to identify trends for seven agricultural fields included in a Swedish water quality monitoring program. Soil P content and sorption capacity governed concentrations and losses of dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP). Other factors, such as preferential flow may influence the importance of these factors. Suspended soil material and unreactive phosphorus (UP) concentrations in water discharge depended on soil texture, slope of the field and total soil P content. Statistically significant trends in concentrations of different P forms were found for two fields. These trends are probably a consequence of changes in P additions and soils P saturation levels

Published in

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
2005, Volume: 102, number: 1-3, pages: 103-117
Publisher: SPRINGER

      SLU Authors

    • Djodjic, Faruk

      • Department of Soil Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
      • Bergström, Lars

        • Department of Soil Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

      UKÄ Subject classification

      Agricultural Science

      Publication Identifiers


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