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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2015

Waste recovered by-products can increase growth of grass-clover mixtures in low fertility soils and alter botanical and mineral nutrient composition

Dahlin, Sigrun; Ramezanian Bajgiran, Atefeh; Campbell, Colin; Hillier, Stephen; Öborn, Ingrid; Campbell, Colin; Campbell, Collin

Abstract

The effectiveness of four by-products (biogas digestate, pot ale, rockdust and wood ash) as fertilisers of a perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne)-red clover (Trifolium pratense) mixture in terms of biomass production, botanical composition and macro- and micronutrient concentrations was tested in an outdoor pot trial. This was carried out over two growing seasons using two inherently low-fertility soils used for forage production. Macro- and micronutrients (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Co, Cu, Mn, Mo and Zn) relevant for crops and livestock were determined in soils and plants. All the by-products increased overall biomass production and affected nutrient concentrations of the individual plant species to varying degrees. In addition the competitive balance between grass and clover was altered leading to different botanical composition in the different treatments and consequently differences in the nutrient concentrations of the species mixture. Changes were due to the nutrients applied in the by-products per se and/or to changes in the soil chemistry caused by the by-products. The results suggest a potential to enhance agricultural productivity through improved production and quality of forage on less fertile land by matching of by-products and soil properties.

Keywords

Botanical composition; by-product recycling; crop growth; crop quality; macro- and micronutrient concentrations

Published in

Annals of Applied Biology
2015, volume: 166, number: 1, pages: 105-117

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment
Ramezanian Bajgiran, Atefeh
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Crop Production Ecology
Campbell, Colin
The James Hutton Institute
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment
The James Hutton Institute
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Crop Production Ecology
World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)
Campbell, Colin
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment
Campbell, Collin (Campbell, Collin)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG2 Zero hunger
SDG12 Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

UKÄ Subject classification

Soil Science
Agricultural Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/aab.12168

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/65362