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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2014

Non-isothermal pyrolysis of torrefied stump : A comparative kinetic evaluation

Tran, Khanh-Quang; Bach, Quang-Vu; Seisenbaeva, Gulaim; Trinh, Thuat T.

Abstract

The pyrolysis of native and torrefied stump materials was studied in the kinetic regime by means of a thermogravimetric analyzer operated in the non-isothermal fashion. Three different kinetic models applicable to biomass pyrolysis were evaluated for the collected data, which include a single-reaction model, two three pseudo-components models, and a distributed activation energy model (DAEM). It was shown that the single-reaction model was not suitable to simulating stump biomass pyrolysis. The other models including the three pseudo-components model with n = 1 and n not equal 1, and the DAEM demonstrated very good fits between simulated and experimental curves. However, the three pseudo-components model with n not equal 1 is recommended as the most suitable for simulation and prediction of kinetic behaviour of slow pyrolysis for both untreated and torrefied stump, considering that it offers the best fits to the experimental data and that the generated reaction orders are realistic, being slightly higher than unity. It appears that the torrefied stump has higher activation energy than its native material. The activation energy predicted for the native stump pyrolysis is in the range of 105.2-108.9 kJ/mol, 183.5-183.6 kJ/mol, and 40.3-48.01 kJ/mol for hemicelluloses, celluloses, and lignin, respectively. That for pyrolysis of the stump torrefied at 200 degrees C is 105.13-111.19 kJ/mol, 183.68-185.79 kJ/mol, and 40.49-50.70 kJ/mol, respectively. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords

Non-isothermal kinetics; Kinetic modelling; Slow pyrolysis; Torrefied biomass; Norway spruce stump

Published in

Applied Energy
2014, Volume: 136, pages: 759-766
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD

      UKÄ Subject classification

      Chemical Process Engineering
      Other Environmental Biotechnology
      Forest Science

      Publication identifier

      DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.08.026

      Permanent link to this page (URI)

      https://res.slu.se/id/publ/65393