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Conference paper, 2005

Landscape as a resource for health and development

Skärbäck, Erik


Dr. Erik Skärbäck Landscape as a resource for health and development – case studies—There has been a rapid increase in knowledge regarding the importance of the external environment to our health, even among the broader sections of the population. The external environment has therefore become an increasingly decisive factor in the choices made by people regarding where to live and work. This has meant that the landscape has become a competitive factor in the attempts made by companies and local authorities to attract well-educated, mobile manpower and housing. Knowledge companies predominate in the Öresund Region, which at present has substantial recreational values that make it an attractive area in which to live and work. The annual population growth is in the region of 20-25 000 inhabitants. The prime ministers of Sweden and Denmark have expressed a common objective that the Öresund Region shall be one of Europe’s cleanest metropolitan regions. Physical planning is conducted in different ways in Zealand and Skåne. This complicates co-operation between the Danish and the Swedish sides when it comes to the development of landscape resources. One hypothesis is that this cross-border research project, which also involves the services of civil servants and politicians, can – through draft outlines and environmental impact assessments of development plans – achieve consensus on certain common objectives, strategies and principles for green structure planning. The impact assessments focus on the landscape as a resource for health and development based on criteria evolved at the Department of Landscape Planning, Alnarp (Grahn P. et al). Methods of public participation in the project are being developed through a PhD programme (Östlund P.). This paper presents case studies of the application of the environmental impact assessments in the municipalities of Lomma, Burlöv and Svedala situated in the immediate vicinity of the Öresund Bridge. Development plans are being evaluated through impact assessment and mitigation, and compensation measures are being created to achieve the environmental quality goals for the region. Applications have also been made at regional level. Planning strategies entitled “Koncentration”, ”Fingerstadsutbyggnad”, ”Ringformad utbyggnad”, ”Mångkärnig spridd utbyggnad” and ”Utbyggnad i naturnära attraktiva områden” are compared

Published in

Publisher: NAEP


NAEP Annual conference Inspiring Global Environmental Standards and Ethical Practices

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Landscape Planning Alnarp

UKÄ Subject classification

Landscape Architecture

URI (permanent link to this page)