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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2015

Policies to promote household based plantation forestry and their impacts on livelihoods and the environment: cases from Ethiopia, China, Vietnam and Sweden

Sandewall, Mats; Kassa, H.; Wu, S.; Khoa, P. V.; He, Y.; Ohlsson, Bo


The growing economies in the South, market globalization, population growth, social conflicts and climate change increase the strain on land and forest resources, and require a cost effective and ecologically sound production of goods and services to meet public needs. Based on global assessment data, four country level (Ethiopia, China, Vietnam, Sweden) and six local case studies and using a multi-scale approach, this paper examines trends and drivers in household based plantation forestry and reviews how policies affecting forest plantation and land use are interpreted and implemented at the local level. It discusses how sustainable forestry systems and policies can be developed which provide industrial supplies, promote environmental objectives and support the livelihoods of people. Besides reflecting characteristics and diversity of current trends in plantation forestry, the paper illustrates that local landscape studies could help in explaining trends revealed by national inventories in a way relevant to policy and research.


change assessment; land use; trends; household based forestry; multi-scale approach

Published in

International Forestry Review
2015, volume: 17, number: 1, pages: 98-111

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Resource Management
Kassa, H.
Centre for International Forestry Research, Forests and Livelihoods Program
Wu, S.
Chinese Academy of Forestry
Khoa, P. V.
Forestry University of Vietnam
He, Y.
Chinese Academy of Forestry
Ohlsson, Bo
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Resource Management

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG15 Life on land
SDG13 Climate action
SDG9 Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

Publication Identifiers


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