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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2014

Experiences on the implementation of a pilot grey water treatment and reuse based system at a household in the slum of Kyebando-Kisalosalo, Kampala

Niwagaba, Charles; Dinno, Patrick; Wamala, Isaac; Dalahmeh, Sahar Saleim Saleh; Lalander, Cecilia; Jönsson, Håkan

Abstract

Grey water constitutes the largest fraction of domestic wastewater. It causes environmental sanitation and pollution problems if it is not managed well. If treated, grey water can be a resource for a variety of uses. A pilot system was constructed in February 2013 to treat grey water from a four-member household for sub-surface irrigation of local vegetables. A hydraulic loading rate (HLR) of 60 L m(-2)d(-1) and an organic loading rate (OLR) of 519-1,580 g BOD(5)m(-2)d(-1) were implemented on a multi-media filter of gravel, charcoal, geotextile and mulch (charcoal being the predominant layer) operated as a batched type-system, with a 36-hour retention time. The system was operated for 3 months, during which it showed remarkable removal efficiencies of 90.8 +/- 5.4 and 96.1 +/- 3.0% after 36 hours for chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), respectively, and 95 +/- 3.1% for faecal coliforms (FC). The removal efficiencies at 36 hours, of total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (Tot-P), total suspended solids (TSS) and total dissolved solids (TDS) were 39.0, 30.1, 85.2 and 78.6%, respectively. Plant response to sub-surface irrigation with treated grey water was largely masked by rainy season and the effluent had a limited effect on the soil.

Keywords

grey water; household; reuse; sub-surface irrigation; treatment

Published in

Journal of Water Reuse and Desalination
2014, Volume: 4, number: 4, pages: 294-307
Publisher: IWA PUBLISHING

    SLU Authors

    • Niwagaba, Charles Buregeya

      • Makerere University