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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2015

Economic Forest Sustainability: Comparison between Lithuania and Sweden

Brukas, Vilis; Mizaras, Stasys; Mizaraitė, Diana


The study conceptualizes economic forest sustainability as "the forest-related income and economic well-being sustained over time" and then compares Lithuania and Sweden at different scales. Sweden adopts a holistic perspective of the forest sector, where forestry and forest industries are perceived as a well-integrated economic branch. Forestry is expected to deliver raw material to forest industries, at the same time creating good preconditions for profitable forest management. Forest owners are given large freedom to act according to market signals and their own household needs, while the resulting intensive forest management cumulatively leads to a significant contribution to the country's welfare. Lithuania, in contrast, lacks an integrated sector perspective, forestry and forest industries being regarded as two separate realms. Private forest property rights are severely constrained by numerous legislative stipulations, leading to a significant reduction of economic value in production forests. On top of that, thirty percent of private owners face additional restrictions through forestland zoning, leading to further substantial loss of economic value. We suggest several measures for improving the economic forest sustainability in Lithuania, where a genuine national forest program could serve as a suitable bearing medium.


forest sector; forestry; private forest owner; net present value; social equity

Published in

2015, volume: 6, number: 1, pages: 47-64
Publisher: MDPI AG

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Mizaras, Stasys
Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry
Mizaraitė, Diana
Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG15 Life on land

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

Publication Identifiers


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