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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2014

Genetic diversity in Nordic horseradish, Armoracia rusticana, as revealed by AFLP markers

Wedelsbäck-Bladh, Katarina; Liljeroth, Erland; Poulsen, Gert; Yndgaard, Flemming; Brantestam, Agnese Kolodinska


176 horseradish accessions from the Nordic countries Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden were analysed to estimate the level of genetic diversity and to propose conservation strategies for this cultivated plant. Most of the accessions were collected in old gardens of the Nordic countries but selections from European countries and Danish breeding lines were also included in the study. Since horseradish is mainly vegetative propagated the genetic diversity has been assumed to be small. However, using the AFLP method with three primer combinations we revealed a significant genetic diversity among Nordic horseradish. The analysis yielded 65 polymorphic bands and we found an overall diversity index of 0.5 (Shannon-Weaver). The highest diversity was found among the Finnish accessions followed by the Danish accessions. An overall AMOVA analysis indicated that 90 % of the variation could be explained by among accession variation. The AFLP data assigned the different accessions into groups that corresponded with their country of origin. A closer relationship was observed between the Swedish, Danish and some of the Norwegian accessions while the Finnish accessions separated more clearly from the other three countries. A possible explanation for the diversity is that horseradish probably has been introduced to the Nordic countries at many occasions during a long period of time.


Armoracia rusticana; Genetic variability; Horseradish; Nordic countries; Plant genetic resources

Published in

Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution
2014, volume: 61, number: 2, pages: 383-394
Publisher: SPRINGER

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Swedish Biodiversity Centre
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant Protection Biology
Poulsen, Gert
Danish Seed Savers
Yndgaard, Flemming
Nordisk Statistik & Data Konsult HB
Brantestam, Agnese Kolodinska
Nordic Genetic Resource Center (NordGen)

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG2 Zero hunger

UKÄ Subject classification

Genetics and Breeding

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