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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2015

Community-based livestock breeding programmes: essentials and examples

Mueller, J. P.; Philipsson, Jan; Sölkner, Johann; Wurzinger, M.

Abstract

Breeding programmes described as community-based (CBBP) typically relate to low-input systems with farmers having a common interest to improve and share their genetic resources. CBBPs are more frequent with keepers of small ruminants, in particular smallholders of local breeds, than with cattle, pigs or chickens with which farmers may have easier access to alternative programmes. Constraints that limit the adoption of conventional breeding technologies in low-input systems cover a range of organizational and technical aspects. The analysis of 8 CBBPs located in countries of Latin-America, Africa and Asia highlights the importance of bottom-up approaches and involvement of local institutions in the planning and implementation stages. The analysis also reveals a high dependence of these programmes on organizational, technical and financial support. Completely self-sustained CBBPs seem to be difficult to realize. There is a need to implement and document formal socio-economic evaluations of CBBPs to provide governments and other development agencies with the information necessary for creating sustainable CBBPs at larger scales.

Keywords

Breeding objective; breeding structure; genetic improvement; goat; participatory breeding; selection; sheep; smallholder

Published in

Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics
2015, Volume: 132, number: 2, pages: 155–168

    Sustainable Development Goals

    SDG2 Zero hunger

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Genetics and Breeding

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jbg.12136

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/68124