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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2015

An equine pain face

Gleerup KB, Forkman B, Lindegaard C, Andersen PH


Conclusions and clinical relevanceAn equine pain face comprising low' and/or asymmetrical' ears, an angled appearance of the eyes, a withdrawn and/or tense stare, mediolaterally dilated nostrils and tension of the lips, chin and certain facial muscles can be recognized in horses during induced acute pain. This description of an equine pain face may be useful for improving tools for pain recognition in horses with mild to moderate pain.


experimental study; horses; pain behavior; pain evaluation; pain face

Published in

Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
2015, volume: 42, number: 1, pages: 103-114

Authors' information

Gleerup, Karina B
University of Copenhagen
Forkman, B.
University of Copenhagen
Lindegaard, Casper
Helsingborg Regional Animal Hospital
Andersen, Pia Haubro (Haubro Andersen, Pia)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences

UKÄ Subject classification

Other Veterinary Science

Publication Identifiers


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