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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2015

Supply assessment of forest biomass - A bottom-up approach for Sweden

Lundmark, Robert; Athanassiadis, Dimitris; Wetterlund, Elisabeth


As there is increasing interest in the use of biomass for energy in Sweden, the potential availability and harvesting costs of forest roundwood, harvesting residues and stumps were estimated up to the year 2069 in 10-year intervals, using a high spatial resolution GIS. In each individual forest area, an average harvesting cost per forest assortment was estimated, based on the geographic and other properties of the area. Using cost structure and resource availability, marginal cost curves were constructed to allow analyses of the effects of changing market conditions and different policy frameworks. Based on geographically explicit data, the results indicated that the average harvesting costs would be 21-24 (sic) m(-3) for roundwood, depending on the type of harvesting and extraction operation. The corresponding cost estimate for harvesting residues was 23-25 (sic) m(-3) and 35 (sic) m(-3) for stumps. The harvesting cost estimates lie on the steeper part of the marginal cost curve, suggesting that increases in the supply of woody biomass can only occur at significantly higher harvesting costs. From a policy perspective, this suggests that subsidies aimed at reducing the harvesting costs will only have limited success in increasing the harvested volumes, given current technology. Therefore, for future development in the supply of forest assortments for energy generation, it is important to consider not only the supply potential, but also the integration of improvements in harvesting and transportation systems. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Woody biomass; Harvesting cost; Supply curves; Bioenergy

Published in

Biomass and Bioenergy
2015, volume: 75, pages: 213-226

Authors' information

Lundmark, Robert
Luleå University of Technology
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology
Wetterlund, Elisabeth
Luleå University of Technology

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG7 Affordable and clean energy

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

Publication Identifiers


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