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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2015

Effects of changing exposure to neighbourhood greenness on general and mental health: A longitudinal study

Weimann, Hanna; Rylander, Lars; Albin, Maria; Skärbäck, Erik; Grahn, Patrik; Östergren, Per-Olof; Björk, Jonas


Green neighbourhood environments have been associated with physical and psychological wellbeing in adults. Access to greenness is potentially more important in vulnerable subgroups. In this study based on longitudinal survey data from southern Sweden the cohort was divided into prognostic groups for good self-reported general (n=8891) and mental (n=9444) health. We used independent survey data to assess perceived neighbourhood greenness in 1 km(2) areas, and estimated effects of changing exposure longitudinally stratified by prognostic group. The overall effect on health was small and statistically uncertain (for general health OR 1.04, 95% CI 0.98-1.10, for mental health OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.00-1.14). A more beneficial effect of increased greenness was indicated among subjects with lowest prognostic of good general health (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.01-1.52). The study provided only weak evidence for beneficial effects of increased neighbourhood greenness triggered by changing residence. It seems that altered life circumstances, e.g. changed civil or socioeconomic status that often trigger a decision to move, are also the key determinants of the health consequences of changing residence. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Green quality; Neighborhood perceptions; General health; Mental health; Longitudinal data

Published in

Health and Place
2015, volume: 33, pages: 48-56

Authors' information

Weimann, Hanna
Lund University
Rylander, Lars
Albin, Maria
Lund University
Östergren, Per-Olof
Björk, Jonas
Lund University

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG11 Sustainable cities and communities
SDG3 Good health and well-being

UKÄ Subject classification

Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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