Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2015
Using Optical Satellite Data and Airborne Lidar Data for a Nationwide Sampling SurveyLindgren, Nils; Christensen, Pernilla; Nilsson, Björn; Åkerholm, Marianne; Allard, Anna; Reese, Heather; Olsson, Håkan
AbstractA workflow for combining airborne lidar, optical satellite data and National Forest Inventory (NFI) plots for cost efficient operational mapping of a nationwide sample of 5x 5 km squares in the National Inventory of Landscapes in Sweden (NILS) landscape inventory in Sweden is presented. Since the areas where both satellite data and lidar data have a common data quality are limited, and impose a constraint on the number of available NFI plots, it is not feasible to perform classifications in a single step. Instead a stratified approach where canopy cover and canopy height are first predicted from lidar data trained with NFI plots is proposed. From the lidar predictions a forest stratum is defined as grid cells with more than 3m mean tree height and more than 10% vertical canopy cover, the remaining grid cells are defined as open land. Both forest and open land are then classified into broad vegetation classes using optical satellite data. The classification of open land is trained with aerial photo interpretation and the classification of the forest stratum is trained with a new set of NFI plots. The result is a rational procedure for nationwide sample based vegetation characterization.
Published inRemote Sensing
2015, volume: 7, number: 4, pages: 4253-4267
Publisher: MDPI AG
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