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Conference abstract, 2015

Effects of feed intensity and breed on postpartum blood metabolites

Ntallaris, Theodoros; Humblot, Patrice; Sjunnesson, Ylva; Båge, Renee; Dupont, Joëlle; Berglund, Britt


Introduction: In dairy cows, postpartum negative energy balance impairs fertility. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of high and low feed intensity starting one month before first calving on blood metabolites of energy balance in Holstein (H, n=14) and Swedish Red dairy breed (SRB, n=14) kept in a loose housing system. Material and methods: The control group (C, n=12) was fed a diet targeting high production (35kg/day Energy-Corrected Milk, ECM). The lower feeding intensity (L, n=12) was achieved by giving -50% concentrate to target 25kg/day ECM. Blood was sampled every 2 weeks until 2 months postpartum and then once a month until Day 120. Plasma was kept frozen until analysis for glucose, insulin and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) concentrations. Data were analyzed with Mixed linear models. Results: For glucose, effects of breed (p<0.01) and time (p=0.01) were observed. Postpartum glucose levels were constantly higher in SRB when compared to H cows (56.7 ±1.9 vs 49.9 ±2.0 mg/dl). For insulin, there was an interaction between diet and time (p<0.03); concentrations being higher in C than in the L group until 3 months and not different later. For NEFA's an effect of time was observed (p=0.001) and a tendency (p<0.10) for interaction between breed and diet. Holstein tended to have lower NEFA concentrations with the low diet whereas the inverse was observed for SRB. Concusion: These results indicate that feed intensity and breed influence energy mobilization. However, no relationships were found with reproductive variables.

Published in

Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica Supplementum
2015, Volume: 57, number: Suppl 1:O12
Book title: Animal Obesity- causes, consequences and comparative aspects
Publisher: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica


Animal Obesity - causes, consequences and comparative aspects