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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2005

Identification of sperm morphometric subpopulations in two different portions of the boar ejaculate and its relation to postthaw quality

Pena FJ, Saravia F, Garcia-Herreros M, Nunez-Martinez I, Tapia JA, Johannisson A, Wallgren M, Rodriguez-Martinez H


A statistical approach using sequentially principal component analysis (PCA), clustering, and discriminant analyses was. developed to identify sperm morphometric subpopulations in well-defined portions of the fresh boar ejaculate. Semen was obtained as 2 portions (the first 10 mL of the sperm-rich fraction and the rest of. the ejaculate, respectively) and frozen using a conventional protocol. Before freezing, an aliquot was Used for computer-assisted. sperm morphometry analysis (ASMA). Postthaw quality was evaluated using computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA), and an annexin-V/PI assay evaluated sperm membranes. The PCA revealed that 3 variables represented more than 78% of the cumulative variance in sperm subpopulations. The clustering and discriminant analyses, based on 5780 individual spermatozoa, revealed the existence of 4 sperm subpopulations. The relative percentage of these subpopulations Varied between boar and ejaculate portions. Linear regression models based on measured morphometric characteristics could account for up to 36% of the percentage of intact sperm membranes postthaw. The ASMA protocol used in our study was useful to detect subtle morphometric differences between spermatozoa, and the combination of this analysis with a multivariate statistical procedure gave hew information on the biological characteristics of boar ejaculates that is not given by conventional sperm analysis

Published in

Journal of Andrology
2005, Volume: 26, number: 6, pages: 716-723