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Research article2005Peer reviewed

Abundance, activity, and community structure of pelagic methane-oxidizing bacteria in temperate lakes

Sundh I, Bastviken D, Tranvik LJ


The abundance and activity of methane-oxidizing bacteria (MOB) in the water column were investigated in three lakes with different contents of nutrients and humic substances. The abundance of MOB was determined by analysis of group-specific phospholipid fatty acids from type I and type 11 MOB, and in situ activity was measured with a 14 CH, transformation method. The fatty acid analyses indicated that type I MOB most similar to species of Methylomonas, Methylomicrobium, and Methylosarcina made a substantial contribution (up to 41%) to the total bacterial biomass, whereas fatty acids from type 11 MOB generally had very low concentrations. The MOB biomass and oxidation activity were positively correlated and were highest in the hypo- and metalimnion during summer stratification, whereas under ice during winter, maxima occurred close to the sediments. The methanotroph biomass-specific oxidation rate (V) ranged from 0.001 to 2.77 mg CH4-C mg(-1) C day(-1) and was positively correlated with methane concentration, suggesting that methane supply largely determined the activity and biomass distribution of MOB. Our results demonstrate that type I MOB often are a large component of pelagic bacterial communities in temperate lakes. They represent a potentially important pathway for reentry of carbon and energy into pelagic food webs that would otherwise be lost as evasion of CH,

Published in

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
2005, Volume: 71, number: 11, pages: 6746-6752

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Fish and Aquacultural Science

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