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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2015

Population dynamics and economic losses caused by Zeuzera pyrina, a cryptic wood-borer moth, in an olive orchard in Egypt

Hegazi, Esmat M.; Schlyter, Fredrik; Khafagi, Wedad E.; Atwa, A; Agamy, Essam; Konstantopoulou, M.A.


The leopard moth Zeuzera pyrina L. (ZP) is an invasive pest from Europe of increasing significance in North Africa, in particular for olive cultivation. We followed the temporal dynamics by combined light/pheromone trapping over a 10-year period (2002-2011) in a 240-ha olive farm in Northern Egypt. The ZP had an annual cycle with one or two peak flights, from late April until October. Time series analysis showed a 2-year cycle of trap catch. This cycle is likely related to the on/off' bearing pattern of the olive, where years of high and low yield are observed to alternate. Larval damage in both on' and off' years in the infested trees gave fruit yield losses of 37-42%. The loss was estimated to 2.1-4.8 t/ha among susceptible varieties. The relative losses were the same during on and off years. Infestation of four susceptible and five resistant olive cultivars in different cropping systems varied within and between adjacent plots. The results suggest less infestation by intercropping of resistant varieties, which could assist in ZP management. Both temporal and spatial dynamics strongly influence population dynamics and the dynamics are related to variation in the moth host plant.


ARIMA; leopard moth; olive; periodic oscillations; population dynamics; Zeuzera pyrina

Published in

Agricultural and Forest Entomology
2015, Volume: 17, number: 1, pages: 9-19

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    SLU Plant Protection Network

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