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Research article2016Peer reviewedOpen access

A 0.5‑Mbp deletion on bovine chromosome 23 is a strong candidate for stillbirth in Nordic Red cattle

Sahana, Goutam; Iso-Touru, T.; Wu, Xiaoping; Sander Nielsen, Ulrik; De Koning, Dirk-Jan; Lund, Mogens S.; Vilkki, Johanna; Guldbrandtsen, Bernt


Background: A whole-genome association study of 4631 progeny-tested Nordic Red dairy cattle bulls using imputed next-generation sequencing data revealed a major quantitative trait locus (QTL) that affects birth index (BI) on Bos taurus autosome (BTA)23. We analyzed this QTL to identify which of the component traits of BI are affected and understand its molecular basis. Results: A genome-wide scan of BI in Nordic Red dairy cattle detected major QTL on BTA6, 14 and 23. The strongest associated single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on BTA23 was located at 13,313,896 bp with -log10(p) = 50.63. Analyses of component traits showed that the QTL had a large effect on stillbirth. Based on the 10 most strongly associated SNPs with stillbirth, we constructed a haplotype. Among this haplotype's alleles, HAPQTL had a large negative effect on stillbirth. No animals were found to be homozygous for HAPQTL. Analysis of stillbirth records that were categorized by carrier status for HAPQTL of the sire and maternal grandsire suggested that this haplotype had a recessive mode of inheritance. Illumina BovineHD BeadChip genotypes and genotype intensity data indicated a chromosomal deletion between 12.28 and 12.81 Mbp on BTA23. An independent set of Illumina Bovine50k BeadChip genotypes identified a recessive lethal haplotype that spanned the deleted region. Conclusions: A deleted region of approximately 500 kb that spans three genes on BTA23 was identified and is a strong candidate QTL with a large effect on BI by increasing stillbirth.

Published in

Genetics Selection Evolution
2016, Volume: 48, article number: 35

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Genetics and Breeding

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