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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2016

Inocula selection in microbial fuel cells based on anodic biofilm abundance of Geobacter sulfurreducens

Sun, Guotao; de Sacadura Rodrigues, Diogo; Thygesen, Anders; Daniel, Geoffrey; Fernando, Dinesh; Meyer, Anne S

Abstract

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) rely on microbial conversion of organic substrates to electricity. The optimal performance depends on the establishment of a microbial community rich in electrogenic bacteria. Usually this microbial community is established from inoculation of the MFC anode chamber with naturally occurring mixed inocula. In this study, the electrochemical performance of MFCs and microbial community evolution were evaluated for three inocula including domestic wastewater (DW), lake sediment (LS) and biogas sludge (BS) with varying substrate loading (L-sub) and external resistance (R-ext) on the MFC. The electrogenic bacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens was identified in all inocula and its abundance during MFC operation was positively linked to the MFC performance. The LS inoculated MFCs showed highest abundance (18%+/- 1%) of G. sulfurreducens, maximum current density [I-max = (690 +/- 30) mA.m(-2)] and coulombic efficiency (CE = 29% +/- 1%) with acetate as the substrate. I-max and CE increased to (1780 +/- 30) mA.m(-2) and 58% +/- 1%, respectively, after decreasing the R-ext from 1000 Omega to 200 Omega, which also correlated to a higher abundance of G. sulfurreducens (21% +/- 0.7%) on the MFC anodic biofilm. The data obtained contribute to understanding the microbial community response to L-sub and R-ext for optimizing electricity generation in MFCs. (c) 2015 The Chemical Industry and Engineering Society of China, and Chemical Industry Press. All rights reserved.

Keywords

Lake sediment; Coulombic efficiency; Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis; Geobacter sulfurreducens; Anode polarisation resistance

Published in

Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering
2016, volume: 24, number: 3, pages: 379-387

Authors' information

Sun, Guotao
Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
de Sacadura Rodrigues, Diogo
Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
Thygesen, Anders
Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Products
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Products
Meyer, Anne S
Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

Sustainable Development Goals

SDG7 Affordable and clean energy

UKÄ Subject classification

Bioprocess Technology

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjche.2015.11.002

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/77042