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Research article2014Peer reviewed

Tree Species Diversity in Community Managed and National Park Forests in the Mid-Hills of Central Nepal

Pandey, Shiva Shankar; Maraseni, Tek Narayan; Cockfield, Geoff; Gerhardt, Karin


Community forestry is expanding in developing countries but there is limited knowledge of, and contradictory findings about, its contribution to biodiversity conservation. This study aims at increasing the understanding of tree species diversity in community forests compared to National Parks. A forest inventory was carried out in four community forests and one National Park in the mid-hills of central Nepal. The study found that community forestry has contributed to high tree species diversity where forest management communities have interests in multiple species, but most community forests are moving toward promoting limited timber yielding species that have high economic value. Linking community forestry with economic incentives for conserving multiple tree species could therefore be a strategy to conserve biodiversity outside of protected areas.


conservation; species richness; community; forest management

Published in

Journal of Sustainable Forestry
2014, Volume: 33, number: 8, pages: 796-813

    Associated SLU-program

    SLU Swedish Biodiversity Centre

    Sustainable Development Goals

    SDG15 Life on land

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Forest Science

    Publication identifier


    Permanent link to this page (URI)