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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2017

Distribution and variability of deformed wing virus of honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) in the Middle East and North Africa

Haddad, Nizar Jamal; Noureddine, Adjlane; Al-Shagour, Banan; Loucif-Ayad, Wahida; El-Niweiri, Mogbel A. A.; Anaswah, Eman; Abu Hammour, Wafaa; El-Obeid, Dany; Imad, Albaba; Shebl, Mohamed A.; Almaleky, Abdulhusien Sehen; Nasher, Abdullah; Walid, Nagara; Bergigui, Mohamed Fouad; Yanez, Orlando; de Miranda, Joachim R.


Three hundred and eleven honeybee samples from 12 countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) (Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Yemen, Palestine, and Sudan) were analyzed for the presence of deformed wing virus (DWV). The prevalence of DWV throughout the MENA region was pervasive, but variable. The highest prevalence was found in Lebanon and Syria, with prevalence dropping in Palestine, Jordan, and Egypt before increasing slightly moving westwards to Algeria and Morocco Phylogenetic analysis of a 194 nucleotide section of the DWV Lp gene did not identify any significant phylogenetic resolution among the samples, although the sequences did show consistent regional clustering, including an interesting geographic gradient from Morocco through North Africa to Jordan and Syria. The sequences revealed several clear variability hotspots in the deduced amino acid sequence, which furthermore showed some patterns of regional identity. Furthermore, the sequence variants from the Middle East and North Africa appear more numerous and diverse than those from Europe.


Apis mellifera; deformed wing virus; Middle East; North Africa; prevalence; variability

Published in

Insect Science
2017, volume: 24, number: 1, pages: 103-113

Authors' information

Haddad, Nizar
National Centre for Agricultural Research and Extension
Noureddine, Adjlane
University of Boumerdès
Al-Shagour, Banan
National Centre for Agricultural Research and Extension
Loucif-Ayad, Wahida
Badji Mokhtar University of Annaba
El-Niweiri, Mogbel AA
National Centre for Research
Anaswah, Eman
National Centre for Agricultural Research and Extension
Hammour, Wafaa Abu
National Centre for Agricultural Research and Extension
El-Obeid, Dany
Lebanese University
Imad, Albaba
West Bank, Palestine
Shebl, Mohamed A
Suez Canal University
Almaleky, Abdulhusien Sehen
Qadysia Governate Agricultural Directorate
Nasher, Abdullah
Sana'a University
Walid, Nagara
National federation of Tunisian beekeepers
Bergigui, Mohamed Fouad
No organisation
Yañez, Orlando
University of Bern
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology

Associated SLU-program

Future Animal Health and Welfare (until Jan 2017)

UKÄ Subject classification

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Evolutionary Biology

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