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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2016

Evaluation of growth, metabolism and production of potentially bioactive components during fermentation of barley with Lactobacillus reuteri

Pallin, Anton; Agback, Peter; Jonsson, Hans; Roos, Stefan

Abstract

Eighteen bacterial isolates from millet, buckwheat and rye flour were identified as Lactobacillus reuteri. Genomic fingerprinting (rep-PCR) revealed that they represented five strains and phylogenetic analyses using multi locus sequence analysis (MLSA) showed that all clustered with strains of rodent origin. Two strains (SU12-3 and SU18-3) from different phylogenetic clades were used in fermentations of six varieties of barley, both untreated and heat-treated (with inactivated indigenous enzymes) flour. They were compared with two probiotic strains of human origin (DSM 17938 and ATCC PTA 6475), one previously isolated sourdough strain (LTH 5531) and one strain of Lactobacillus plantarum (36E). Analyses of growth (CFU) and metabolism (1H-NMR) revealed differences at species level, with L. plantarum showing a higher capacity to assimilate nutrients without help of the cereal enzymes. Similarities were observed between L. reuteri strains isolated from sourdough, while the greatest differences between L. reuteri strains were observed between strains 6475 and 17938. Multivariate analysis of the metabolic profiles revealed clear clustering according to flour treatment, species of bacteria and barley variety and to some extent also bacterial strain. Possible bioactive compounds such as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), 1,3-propanediol (sign of reuterin production) and histamine were identified and quantified. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords

Lactobacillus reuteri; Barley; Fermented cereals; 1H-NMR; Bioactive compounds

Published in

Food Microbiology
2016, Volume: 57, pages: 159-171
Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD