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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2008

Equine laminitis: Membrane type matrix metal loproteinase-1 (MMP-14) is involved in acute phase onset

Kyaw-Tanner, M. T.; Wattle, Ove; van Eps, A. W.; Pollitt, C. C.


Reasons for performing study: Enzymatic separation at the hoof lamellar dermal-epidermal interface may play a role in the development of laminitis and characterising and locating matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (tissue inhibitors of MMPs or TIMPs) in lamellar tissues may further understanding of pathogenesis.Objectives: To clone and sequence the cDNA encoding lamellar MMP-14 and TIMP-2, and quantify their transcription in normal and laminitic tissue; and to develop antibody to locate MMP-14 in lamellar tissues.Methods: Tissue samples were obtained from an oligofructose induced model of laminitis. Total RNA was isolated, amplified by RT-PCR, cloned into a vector and sequenced. Real-time PCR was used to quantify MMP-14 and TIMP-2 expression. Rabbit anti-equine MMP-14 antibody was developed to analyse MMP-14 proteins from hoof tissues.Results: Immunohistochemistry detected MMP-14 in the cytoplasm of normal lamellar basal and parabasal cells in close proximity to the lamellar basement membrane. In laminitis affected tissue MMP-14 immunostaining was depleted in lamellar basal cells. Quantitative real-time PCR showed MMP-14 and TIMP-2 expression significantly (P < 0.05) elevated and lowered respectively in laminitis affected tissues.Conclusion: MMP-14, located in the cytoplasm of normal lamellar basal cells, disappears during laminitis development. The pathology of laminitis is associated with increased and lowered transcription of MMP-14 and TIMP-2, respectively.Potential relevance: Enzymes have a role in laminitis pathology and inhibition of their activity may prevent laminitis.


horse; RT-PCR; TIMPs; matrix metalloproteinases; laminitis

Published in

Equine Veterinary Journal
2008, Volume: 40, number: 5, pages: 482-487

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    Clinical Science

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