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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2016

Hydrated and Solvated Tin(II) Ions in Solution and the Solid State, and a Coordination Chemistry Overview of the d(10)s(2) Metal Ions

Persson, Ingmar; D'Angelo, Paola; Lundberg, Daniel

Abstract

The coordination chemistry of d(10)s(2) metal ions is strongly affected by an (at least partially) occupied d(10)s(2) metal ion-ligand atom antibonding orbital, which may cause a void in the coordination sphere due to repulsion between the electrons in the antibonding orbital on the metal ion and those on the ligands. The character of the formed d(10)s(2) metal ion-ligand atom bond plays an important role in the electron density in the antibonding orbital and thereby also in the coordination chemistry. The hydrated tin(II) ion, [Sn(H2O)(3)](2+), and the trihydroxidostannate ion, [Sn(OH)(3)](-), have very different mean Sn-O bond lengths (2.21 and 2.08 angstrom, respectively) and O-Sn-O angles (ca. 78 and 90 degrees, respectively) both in the solid state and in solution. On increasing the covalency of the tin(II)-ligand bonds, the repulsion decreases and higher coordination numbers are obtained, as seen in the dimethylsulfoxide- and N,N-dimethylthioformamide-solvated tin(II) ions, both of which are five-coordinate with square-pyramidal structures.

Keywords

EXAFS spectroscopy; O-donor ligands; structure elucidation; tin(II); XANES spectroscopy

Published in

Chemistry - A European Journal
2016, volume: 22, number: 51, pages: 18583-18592

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, The Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology
D'Angelo, Paola
Sapienza University of Rome
Lundberg, Daniel
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, The Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology

UKÄ Subject classification

Inorganic Chemistry

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201603904

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/78344