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Report2013Open access

Opportunities in Tajikistan to breed wheat varieties resistant to seed-borne diseases and improved baking quality

Husenov, Bahromiddin


Wheat seed-borne diseases and options for improving baking quality of wheat, as well as the role of genotypes for breeding to achieve high yield and quality are the key issues discussed in this introductory paper. The importance of wheat for Tajikistan and how to achieve food security goals in the country is also elucidated. Wheat seed-borne diseases are caused mostly by fungi. Loose Smut (Ustilago tritici), Common Bunt (Tilletia laevis and T.caries), Karnal Bunt (T.indica), Dwarf Bunt (T.controversa) and Black point (Alternaria spp., Bipolaris sorokiniana etc.) are all seed-borne diseases that are economically and regulatory important for Tajikistan, and these are therefore discussed in detail. The peculiarities of Tajik bread and requirements to the grain quality are also highlighted.


Black point ; bread-making quality; common bunt; loose smut; resistance; seed-borne diseases; seed health testing; wheat breeding

Published in

Introductory Paper at the Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science
2013, number: 2013:2, pages:
Publisher: Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences