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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2016

Genetic associations of teat cup attachment failures, incomplete milkings, and handling time in automatic milking systems with milkability, temperament, and udder conformation

Carlström, Caroline; Strandberg, Erling; Pettersson, Gunnar; Johansson, Kjell; Stålhammar, Hans; Philipsson, Jan

Abstract

Automatic milking systems (AMS) allow recording of alternative milkability measures. Our objectives were to estimate genetic parameters for teat cup attachment failures (AtF), incomplete milkings (IM), and handling time (HT), and their genetic correlations with box time (BT), udder traits and temperament. Teat coordinates were to measure udder conformation and teat placement. Genetic correlations were estimated between these traits and linear classification traits. Data on Swedish Holstein and Swedish Red cows in 19 AMS herds and 74 herds with conventional milking parlors were analyzed. HT and IM had low heritabilities, but that of AtF was 0.21-0.31. Genetic correlations between AtF and temperament were 0.44-0.71 (calm cows having low AtF). Short BT was weakly genetically associated with shallow udders with short and thin teats. High genetic correlations (0.91-0.98) were found between teat coordinate traits and linear classification traits. Thus, AMS records can be effectively used to select for improved milkability and temperament.

Keywords

Milking speed; udder and teat conformation; temperament; genetic correlation

Published in

Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section A - Animal Science
2016, Volume: 66, number: 2, pages: 75-83
Publisher: Taylor & Francis: STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles