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Research article1999Peer reviewed

SFS, a Novel Fibronectin-Binding Protein from Streptococcus equi, Inhibits the Binding between Fibronectin and Collagen

Lindmark, Hans; Guss, Bengt


The obligate parasitic bacterium Streptococcus equi subsp. equi is the causative agent of strangles, a serious disease of the upper respiratory tract in horses. In this study we have, using shotgun phage display, cloned from S. equi subsp, equi and characterized a gene, called sfs, encoding a protein termed SFS, representing a new type of fibronectin (Fn)-binding protein, The sfs gene was found to be present in all 50 isolates of S, equi subsp, equi tested and in 41 of 48 S, equi subsp, zooepidemicus isolates tested. The sfs gene is down-regulated during growth in vitro compared to fnz, a previously characterized gene encoding an Fn-binding protein from S. equi subsp, zooepidemicus, Sequence comparisons revealed no similarities to previously characterized Fn-binding proteins, but high scores were obtained against collagen, Besides similarity due to the high content of glycine, serine, and proline residues present in both proteins, there was a nine-residue motif present both in collagen and in the Fn-binding domain of SFS, By searching the Oklahoma S. pyogenes database, we found that this motif is also present in a potential cell surface protein from S. pyogenes, Protein SFS was found to inhibit the binding between Fn and collagen in a concentration-dependent way.

Published in

Infection and Immunity
1999, Volume: 67, number: 5, pages: 2383-2388