- Department of Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Eriksson, Camilla; Bull, Jacob
Since the 1940s Swedish rural policy has shaped agriculture and food production into a rational, large scale and specialised industry, focused on food hygiene. However, in Jamtland pockets of resistance remained where small-scale farmers continued to produce local cheeses. As rural policy has shifted towards favouring the local and traditional within Geographic Indication frameworks, these cheeses are receiving more attention from policymakers as well as consumers. During the last 10-15 years local cheese making has been revitalised with the introduction of sophisticated techniques and new knowledges on how to work with microbes to create more distinct, local cheeses. Bacteria cultures and moulds are treasured and explicitly considered in ways that were previously tacit. As this paper shows the development of these new cheese-making processes owe a lot to imported knowledge and microbes from France. The paper goes on to discuss how these 'cultural imports' combine with local knowledge and microbes to enable different narratives of locality, 'authenticity', and 'traditional' within contemporary cheese-making. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
More-than-human; Artisan cheese; Quality food; GI frameworks; Rural policy
Journal of Rural Studies
2017, Volume: 50, pages: 209-217
SDG2 Zero hunger
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary