- Department of Plant Breeding, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Zhong LJ, Gustavsson KE, Oredsson S, Glab B, Yilmaz JL, Olsson ME
Rose hip fruit, which contains high concentration of carotenoids is commonly used for different food products in Europe and it is considered to have medical properties. In this study, a simple, rapid and efficient HPLC-DAD-APCI(+)-MS method was developed and applied to identify and quantify the carotenoids in rose hip fruit of four rose species, including both unsaponified and saponified extract. In the unsaponified extract 23 carotenoid esters were detected, in which either rubixanthin ester or violaxanthin ester was the dominant component of the ester composition. In the saponified extract 21 carotenoids, including 11 xanthophylls and 10 carotenes were detected. This is the first time the total carotenoid composition, including the carotenoid esters in rose hip fruit were identified and quantified. This work reveals the potential of rose hip fruit to be utilized as a healthy dietary material and give chemical information for the possible future development in the pharmacology field. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Rose hip fruit; Carotenoids; Xanthophyll ester; HPLC-DAD-APCI(+)-MS; Identification; Saponification; Fatty acid
2016, Volume: 210, pages: 541-550
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