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Research article2005Peer reviewedOpen access

Many QTLs with minor additive effects are associated with a large difference in growth between two selection lines in chickens

Jacobsson L, Park HB, Wahlberg P, Fredriksson R, Perez-Enciso M, Siegel PB, Andersson L

Abstract

Two growth-selected lines in chickens have been developed from a single founder population by divergent selection for body weight at 56 days of age. After more than 40 generations of selection they show a nine-fold difference in body weight at selection age and large differences in growth rate, appetite, fat deposition and metabolic characteristics. We have generated a large intercross between these lines comprising more than 800 F-2 birds. QTL mapping revealed 13 loci affecting growth. The most striking observation was that the allele in the high weight line in all cases was associated with enhanced growth, but each locus explained only a small proportion of the phenotypic variance using a standard QTL model (1.3-3.1%). This result is in sharp contrast to our previous study where we reported that the two-fold difference in adult body size between the red junglefowl and White Leghorn domestic chickens is explained by a small number of QTLs with large additive effects. Furthermore, no QTLs for anorexia or antibody response were detected despite large differences for these traits between the founder lines. The result is an excellent example where a large phenotypic difference between populations occurs in the apparent absence of any single locus with large phenotypic effects. The study underscores the need for powerful experimental designs in genetic studies of multifactorial traits. No QTL at all would have reached genome-wide significance using a less powerful design (e.g. approx. 200 F-2 individuals) regardless of the nine-fold phenotypic difference between the founder lines for the selected trait

Published in

Genetics Research
2005, Volume: 86, number: 2, pages: 115-125 Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS

      SLU Authors

    • UKÄ Subject classification

      Animal and Dairy Science
      Veterinary Science

      Publication identifier

      DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0016672305007767

      Permanent link to this page (URI)

      https://res.slu.se/id/publ/8060